When I was in my teens, I remember that the main source of getting information was through a limited number of newspapers and Doordarshan News. The debate that time was on the style of reporting – amongst the English newspapers in my home city of Kolkata, while it was reported that The Statesman did ‘direct’ reporting with a ‘matter of fact’ tone, it was alleged that The Telegraph reported the same incident with more ‘flair’, more in a story-telling mode. However, I don’t remember much controversy on the whether there was distortion of facts or not. And on a lighter node, watching Doordarshan News was a kind of a torture because of lack of visuals – still the incidents were reported on an ‘as is’ basis.
Then came a whiff of fresh air, when Prannoy Roy started with a capsule programme of “World This Week”. We had a glimpse of the world in a 30 minute slot. The whole family used to be riveted in front of the idiot-box watching impacts that happened across the world. That probably gave us an indication of media-starved Indians what journalism and news reporting should be like in the years to come. Immediately, Prannoy Roy became a household name and the making of mega-stars in the news making industry started from that moment of history.
Next came a barrage of channels that carried out news using the cable television distribution channel. NDTV was the pioneer with 24 x 7 news first time in India probably ? It was still Prannoy Roy who led the show and budding news anchors started to make their marks in the national arena. While NDTV became a household brand, many other breakaways mushroomed in the market and they also became strong brands very soon. All facets of life – politics, international news and dynamics, sports, entertainment – everything started to be covered across channels. Associated with the competition, came the fight to gain TRP which is directly proportional to viewership.
Frankly speaking, I did not even hear the very word of “TRP” and its significance only till recent past. The other word that I learnt in last few years was “paid media”. Initially I was perhaps naïve not to believe in that. Why will an journalist put in a biased view of an incident when his / her job was to report on what happened ? But to my dismay, I soon discovered that different news channels started to portray the same incident differently – imposing their ‘point of view’ on that incident. I don’t know whether that falls under the ethics of journalism, but I did not like that concept at all.
You report on what happened on a ‘matter of fact’ mode – it is upto the individual viewers to make ‘judgement’ on different perspectives. I, as a viewer, am not interested with what a channel thinks, but rather I would prefer that freedom to be given to me. Unfortunately, that became the fashion. Very soon, we could see one incident being portrayed in one way in one channel and the other channel showing the same incident in a totally different way. Coincidentally, the views matched with the biased interests of different political parties. And I could not remove the thought from my mind on whether the media has become “paid media”. This thought started to get deep in my mind when some of the mega-stars of Indian TV channels were “alleged” to be the ‘middleman’ between business houses and political parties, trying to broker some deals.
Now, that has gone to another level. In order to score high on the battlegrounds of TRP, circulating unverified video’s, telecasting so-called “doctored” clips has become the order of the day. Whether the media houses are themselves producing the same or whether the so-called “paid media” channels are just executing orders from their masters – it is not clear to me as a viewer. But the very consequence of all the actions has resulted into an individual doubting each and every news whether that is the truth OR whether that is a lie; whether that is the truth OR whether that is just a biased version of the story !
While the electronic media has evolved drastically in India in last 20 years, I think the deterioration has been drastic as well. You just keep on shuffling the news channels and I can bet, any person can guess whether that channel reports in line with what Congress party wants to say or what BJP wants to say or what Left parties wants to say !
Overall, the trust that was there 20-30 years ago on printed and electronic media has now vanished from the common man. I don’t know whether the media channels feel the same, but as an ordinary Indian citizen, I feel ashamed on how “fair” journalism has fallen so low !
Hope some day better things will prevail in journalism and till that date, I can only keep on hoping !
The 2014 elections of India are over, the verdict is out, the process of getting the mandate from 500+ million people across 930,000+ polling booths have been completed, the happiness of the victors and the despair of the losers are out in the open. Yet, as a common man, I find this particular election fascinating – specially with the verdict that has come up. Not going into the technicalities (the percentage vote swings, the conversion of these vote swings into actual seats, etc), my personal point of view of this election is based on some trends that I tried to think through from the results.
Let me start with the overall verdict – the BJP and NDA under the leadership of Narendra Modi has got a thumping majority of 333+ seats and the main other party, Congress party, that has ruled for maximum number of years in Indian history have been reduced to shambles with 44 seats only. So, the verdict has been strong and clear – a change after so many elections that has happened in last 15 years. To me, this verdict has established or challenged many things that we have been used to for last so many years:
This has challenged the very concept of “dynasty politics” – a modern era “quota” system followed by Congress party. I find it strange that such a big and historic party still believes in the principle that the leader of the party has to come from a family with a surname of Gandhi, irrespective of the fact whether the person is capable enough to lead or not. The general perception of the leader was “weak” (which was apparent in his many speeches and “deadly” few interviews) – but still a majority of more capable leaders of the same party still believes that the name “Gandhi” will mesmerise the voters even in today’s world. Only time will tell whether this thought is eliminated or whether we see another member of that family trying to steer the ship in the future.
People are always sick and tired of corruption and scams – this has been true in the past, in the present and will be true in the future. But the frustration increases when scam after scam are exposed and millions of taxpayer’s money are siphoned off, the government, the ruling party leadership either remains mute spectators, or tries to “defend” the same as the first reaction, or tries to do some “lip service”. Add to the event of the head of the country remains silent or looks for inspiration to the party high command before uttering a word. In effect, corruption with “proxy governance” was something that happened in last few years and people have had enough of this, I believe.
The personal charisma of a leader counts heavily – sometimes much more than the party he/she represents. That happened with Narendra Modi. In spite of having some controversial past, the branding, the dreams spelt out by that person appealed to most of the people, including the 100+ million of new voters. Of course, there has to be a vision, a concrete plan to transform the nation – but at the end, you often tend to go with the perception of a person when you feel “Yes, I do think this person probably can transform the nation better than the others”.
It is also time to move on from the past that is more than 5-7 years old. New generation, today’s youth hardly believe in drooling on history (does not matter whether it is perceived as “good” or “bad”). Lives have changed, tha pace of life has changed – hence, we do want things to change fast and very often, the time period allocated for the change is in 1-2 years, if not in months. Yes, history is important – but more important is the vision for tomorrow, vision for our own lives – rather than the rich or not-so-rich history of the parties. So who cares what has happened 7-10 years ago – let’s discuss what will happen in next 1-2 years ! This probably scored heavily in the decision-making process as “development” took more priority than “RTI”, “women empowerment”, etc – rightfully so. Because with “inclusive growth”, other parameters like empowerment will come automatically.
The delivery contrast between two main persons help differentiate the difference much strongly. Hence, the more one leader failed to articulate the vision and instead kept on harping on non-priority things, the more strong the other leader was becoming in the minds of the people. So, a poor performance of a main player helps the others – now add to the fact that the other person by himself had more charisma and vision — then it becomes a double whammy to the poorer performer. So, field the best candidate who is best suitable for the role –> basic stuff, but often forgotten by some.
Finally, my belief that “development is more important than caste, creed & religion” got more strengthened in this election. In a country like India, where the culture, the dialect of the same language, food habits, etc change probably every 50 km across the length and breadth; harping on religion, appealing for votes from a particular religion or caste do have an impact on votes. And probably this happened this time as well – but overall, I have a hunch that people disregarded this caste/religion play much more as compared to last few elections. I find it sickening when this divisive play, this polarisation of people is even attempted by so many parties.
Probably, this is the time when all of us should introduce ourselves to the external world as an “Indian” instead of a “Bengali, Marathi, etc” or a “North Indian, South Indian, etc” or any such classifications. That way, we will not allow anyone trying to “divide” us going forward.
Let’s make our country proud by taking this first step together !
We live in a so-called civilised world driven by the power of law, which has been formed by thoughtful groups and lots of common sense. One definition of ‘civilised’ means to have a high state of culture and development bound by basic virtues. We have found lots of ‘unions’ which gives us a platform to resolve issues at the highest levels, in case disputes are hard to solve at lower levels. We have vowed for following the rules, the ‘unions’, the ‘bodies’ we have formed across the world.
We call ourselves ‘mature’ – which has an inherent meaning of looking at a broader picture, taking lessons learnt into account and then take decision based on facts, based on debates and consult these ‘unions’ & ‘bodies’ to come up to a decision that will be respected by all. When decisions are taken, it is normal that all parties who participated in the decision-making debates may not come to a unanimous consensus – but when a majority decision is taken, even the parties who had been advocating for the reverse, respects that. These all come under ‘maturity’.
We call ourselves ‘patient’ and that is linked to ‘maturity’. By patience, we imply that a decision will be taken by weighing different options, by hearing all sides of the story and then coming to a meaningful conclusion which we believe has been taken after much deliberation and to the best of our efforts. For that, respecting other’s opinions, understanding the context and the implications of the decision is key.
However, still why do we have the most ‘powerful’ and most ‘matured’ persons takes huge decisions in a trigger-happy manner without even deliberating with a broader forum ? Maybe that is the correct decision – but why do we have to behave like a ‘know-it-all’ person without any ‘patience’ and declare that the rest of the ‘unions’ and ‘bodies’ are of practical no-use, simply because we fear that those ‘unions’ & ‘bodies’ may come up with more logical & mature thinking that may result in a different decision ?
I hope we all can really behave as a civilised, mature and patient way resulting in uniting the world to collectively take a decision (and not just by myself) that will benefit in the long run ….
Recently India announced the formation of the 29th state named Telengana. I am sure that many expert heads brainstormed the pros and cons behind the decision, valued the impact of the decision on the people, the political process, the economy, growth and all other elements that a common person like me can think of. Probably this will be for the good only and pessimists like me will be taught a lesson in the years to come.
But today I am confused on the parameters that needs to be considered by any agency before they take such a decision. Going by the internet reports, there was a “history” behind the formation of this state which had aged more than 50/60 years. Hence this was a case that merited such a decision, I have been told by the news reports.
Now is it that only historical cases merit such a decision ? Or is it that there can be additional parameters like lack of development, diverse culture, diverse language, even diverse physical looks which can influence a decision of split positively ?
On the other hand, what happens to the unity and concept of a nation? Is this something that will trigger of lot of such demands for a separate state with a totally new governance model and financial budgets, political process? Maybe it is a time bound decision, when demands raised today will be entertained after another 50 years, as then you will have a long ” history” to make the decision at that point of time? Does these decisions indicate the failure of the current governance and political process ? And to hide the same, you tend to take this kind of decision? Are these decisions linked to the definition of voting units which will benefit some parties and all the visible reasons of economic development are actually low priority issues?
Too many questions for which I am struggling to get an answer….. maybe this indicates my stupidity and hence I should just shut up?
Unbiased reporting to me is a utopian concept – something which you can dream of in an ideal world, but if you believe in that in the real world, you may land up in some major dis-belief after some days. I am not a reporter, nor a writer and hence do not have the inner conscience to recollect on some personal vows someone might have taken before they embarked upon on their careers. So, here I am writing controversy right now …
When I am a reporter writing on a piece of news or an interesting subject, in all probability, within my mind, I have already formed an opinion on that topic when I am doing some pre-research before I dive on the topic. Opinions will tend to be whether this person was a tyrant or not, whether this topic is a ‘right’ thing or a ‘wrong’ thing in my opinion, and so on. And that will dictate my questions in a future interview, dictate my nature of follow-ups …
Very often, we get influenced by the definition of ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ by simple values of life learnt during the formative years. And who defines the definition of ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ – well, famous people, history who have come up with that definition based on THEIR interpretation of good or bad that point of time.
Let me try to provide an example – we all will agree that murder of people is an unforgivable crime, no doubt on that. So, when news comes that X has killed Y, the culprit is already identified and crucified in our judgement. But what if murder arose because of self-defence ? We normally don’t think of this at all when we read the news for the first time – isn’t it ?
Now, let’s see if some actions of great leaders of various countries lead to similar situations. We all know the cold-blooded murders caused during World War II and do know from the history books who is responsible for those incidents. Now, what happens that because of certain political / economic decisions in a different nation, common people have been affected indirectly and have died in hundreds. Is that not a murder as well ? And for that, have we crucified those famous leaders and marked them as ‘murderers’ ? No … simply because the history was written by the victors, history was written by people who had been influenced by their definition of right or wrong. We can put on trial dictators who have put his own people to tortures and killings, but we do not even jail leaders who can start a bloody war based on their ‘perception’ of threat without any facts (people call that ‘war started based on false allegations) … why ? because when we report or take decisions, we only consider one point of view and in that process become biased in our thoughts.
So, I do believe unbiased reporting, unbiased ‘history’ is something we all can strive for, but never see that in reality.
It is high time that the political parties in India build up credibility with the common man on the streets. That is needed for the proper functioning of a huge country within the governance framework defined within the constitution. The youth of India are a different lot as compared to the generation we had 30 years ago, when our politicians were the youth. The faster this realisation comes, the better it will be for the political parties to reconnect with the people so that the common man can restore his faith back on the parties they are forced to vote for during the elections.
Today’s world is very much different than what we had even 10 years ago. Internet and information is now available at the click of a button – and no longer restricted to the limited access of desktops and laptops. Most of the middle class youth today owns a mobile and many of that population have versions of a smart-phone where access to internet and social media are part of day to day life. Today’s youth are more confident of themselves and have strong opinions which can potentially raise lot of movements within their social circles. Today women are more forthright and are no longer willing to take things for granted – they are rising to be equals and rightfully so. Hence, if we believe that today’s generation, equipped with technology, are the same as our parents, then everyone will be mistaken.
Today, we do not get fooled by false promises, we do not get fooled by the theatrics of our politicians, we do not get carried away by the ‘awe’ of our political leaders and family dynasties ruling politics. Today, we can analyse news and incidents ourselves and do not need others to force their opinion on us. Today we are more forthright on expressing what is right and what is wrong. Today we are more empowered by information and hence we are less likely to take things for granted.
Hence, it is important that political parties understand that and gauges the feelings of the people. They still might survive by using their political power and muscle power to lower down rightful protests – however, on the long run, with the actions and arrogance being shown by these leaders, what they are doing is nothing but more harm to themselves only. It will not be too much in the future when our political parties gets totally cut-off with the people whom they are forced to woo when it comes to elections.
It is time NOW for our political ecosystem to understand, reconnect and build credibility with the people …. and this can be only done by concrete, swift actions without politicising human emotions. Otherwise I can foresee pockets of defiance against the lawmakers and politicians which can spread very quickly across cities and towns to become a force which will be difficult to tackle without taking a big toll on human life and dignity … and God forbid, if that day comes, it will be am uprising that we will all like to forget.
Hence, in this day of grief, my request to our leaders is to ACT NOW against crime, corruption and build positive politics for the good of our nation and the people.
Indian political horizon is currently under a big storm – with potential impacts more than what we have recently seen with Sandy in US. This storm is man-made – made by one Mr. Arvind Kejriwal, the leader of a newly founded political party whose priority is to “expose” the reverend and famous politicians and industrialists who hog the headlines all the time. Whether these are actual exposures or not, we do not know; but I am sure these are very serious allegations of corruption.
Now the question being asked repeatedly by many sections is that this kind of ‘politics’ is baseless, waste of time and brooded with lots of negativity across the entire Indian leadership. Even our respected but most-of-the-time-silent Prime Minister mentioned recently that lot of negativity around corruption which are being published by the media will cause very severe negative market sentiments and negative perception to the extent that the foreign investors might stop the flow of FDI in India, which may result in less and lesser economic growth.
But my question is that even if 10% of these allegations are true, then we can hold our head high in the international world mentioning that India is ruled by looters, very sophisticated ones indeed. Those who live their daily lives in India definitely will agree that corruption is rampant and everywhere – whether it is limited to a bribe of Rs 50/- or Rs 500 crores is something determined by the level of the transaction being carried out. On the other hand, if the allegations are indeed false, then Mr. Kejriwal should be jailed and probably hanged to death.
Only time will tell the course of action – but most of the citizens of India do have this negativity on the topic of corruption. Hence, it will definitely be interesting to actually follow the dramatic allegations coming almost every week and check out whether there is a logical conclusion (either positively or negatively) or whether this will go to a logical lengthy process of natural death (like the proven justice route of a video-taped terrorist activity is taking years after years and the person who has killed so many people in Mumbai perhaps still enjoy the occasional biryani served in prison !)
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Very recently one of the leading newspapers screamed in its headlines “The Last Dictator is dead” and rightfully so as the world celebrated the death of Gaddafi amongst a turmoil burning in the streets of Libya. These incidents are often described as the win of the good over the evil and hence supported by most sane people over the world. I also fall amongst the same category – but this incident forced me to think a little beyond the apparent dictatorship and the oppression of the common people, who look for a decent and happy life with his / her loved ones.
Whenever we think of oppression, the obvious picture that haunts us a ruthless dictator stealing away fundamental rights, freedom and stalls the voice of dissent or difference in opinion with a strong hand, resulting in deaths without trials and extreme violation of basic human rights. However, if the same or similar incidents happen with a democratically elected body or a country’s government or even a philosophy followed by thousands, do we react in the similar manner ? Is it that actions against oppression happens only when we have certain individuals implementing those acts and not when groups or governments do the same ? Is it that military action is successfully carried out when the world tries to remove dictators like Hitler, Saddam Hussain, Gaddafi, but the same world remains not to carry out aggression against groups or governments carrying out similar acts ?
Let me ask some questions that come across my mind and leave to you to define whether this is oppression :
- When freedom of speech is stopped by a certain sect of political philosophy and currently ruling big nations in the world, is this not oppression ?
- When certain policies of democratically elected governments take away the daily livings of common people without much options given to them, is this not oppression ?
- When certain foreign policies of powerful countries goes “all out” against some weak but strategical nations rich with natural resources, is this not oppression ?
- When certain corporations neglect safety measures that lead to disasters which are termed as “accidents” resulting in death of hundreds of innocent people, is this not oppression ?
- When corporate greed leads to unethical practices resulting in crisis across the world resulting in erosion of hard-earned money of commoners leading simple lives, is this not oppression ?
- When deadly weapons of mass destruction are invented and stored by any country for the purpose of saying “just listen to me or you might be in trouble”, is this not oppression ?
The questions are too many and my mind says that the answer is quite simple and obvious.
If this is so, then where are the world forums and others going “all out” to finish off these kind of oppression ? Where are the tough talks from various leaders threatening of more actions including military actions to eliminate these elements ? Haven’t seen much so far and I doubt whether I will have the privilege of witnessing in my lifetime …
Last question before I end – why is that we don’t see ‘actions’ to eliminate these kinds of oppression ? Why is that we see only selective ‘actions’ when the evil is removed for the sake of the good ? Is it that behind these actions (and lack of actions), there are bigger motives of self-prosperity and economic dominance from the powers of the world ?
Well, nobody answers these questions and frankly speaking, I do not expect any explanations – while the world will wake up after few months or years to find many more dictators and eliminate them all for the good of the people ….
I was going through the global headlines in the net, when I saw this news in The Telegraph, UK and I quote an excerpt below along with the link to the detailed news:
The US government has warned 10 Swiss banks, including Credit Suisse, that they must hand over confidential information exposing tax cheats by tomorrow or face legal proceedings.
URL : http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/banksandfinance/8740641/US-warns-10-Swiss-banks-to-hand-over-information-on-tax-cheats.html
This struck me quite hard and forced me to look at the intention of the governments of world’s two largest democracies, US and India, on the topic of corruption – which strikes any country with varied intensity levels. Before I express my views on this ‘intention’ and ‘body language’ of the two governments, let me share some facts on the ‘illegal capital flight’ that impacts India.
There is the body of “Global Financial Integrity” (http://www.gfip.org/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=80) which promotes “national and multilateral policies, safeguards, and agreements aimed at curtailing the cross-border flow of illegal money”. In one of the reports available in the site, the name India comes quite often (along with some other countries) which by itself is an embarrassment for me, but again is the reality – so let’s face the data points mentioned therein:
- The five Asian countries with the largest total illegal capital flight during 2000-2008 are: China ($2.18 trillion), Malaysia ($291 billion), Philippines ($109 billion), Indonesia ($104 billion), and India ($104 billion). On average these five countries account for 96.5 percent of total illicit flows from Asia and 44.9 percent of flows out of all developing countries.
- Other reports (as available in Wikipedia as well as other sources) indicate that the total amount of black money deposited in foreign banks by Indians is to the tune of a staggering $1.4 trillion.
Whatever the exact number, it is a fact that everyone understands that we are talking of huge amount of money, accumulated through years of corruption at all levels and potentially benefited by a few powerful citizens of India. And everybody will acknowledge that – even the Indian parliament – that this issue is a big issue which needs to be tackled at a war footing. However, what has the Government and our Parliament doing on this ?
While US is taking tough stands with the banks and trying to take on the problem head-on, the world’s largest democracy and it’s parliament and politicians have been taking their own time to act. This actually puts a big question on their basic intention – whether they will really like to do this is a common question all of us have ! Why ? Because you will never know how many skeletons might suddenly tumble from the cupboards of our many respected politicians or other famous personalities. Perhaps that is why the body language of the government has been quite ‘soft’ when compared to our counterparts in US. To take a tough stand and talk the walk does not take much effort, but do our politicians have the will to do so ? I sincerely doubt … instead, the parliament has been busy in sending breach of privilege notices to a group who had been most vocal against corruption and who spearheaded a huge mass movement to fight against corruption. In this case, the parliament has been quite proactive and fast to send the breach of privilege notices, but they suddenly lose their energy and proactiveness when it comes to getting the black money criminals caught !
Even the Supreme Court of India expressed its frustration in Jan’ 2011 when they found that the government was reluctant to publish the names of potential 26 Indians who hold accounts, allegedly for black money, in Germany’s Liechtenstein Bank. The court remarked ” It is a pure and simple theft of national money. We are talking about a mind-boggling crime, not niceties of various treaties… This is the plunder of the nation”
But still, our government, our politicians are not showing the will to try to stop black money generation; they are not even showing the intention and body-language that they mean business when it comes to corruption. They speak great things on this topic, but unfortunately their action (or at least the sense that they are trying to act) does not match with their great speeches. So, is it that they are fearing some of the powerful, famous people will be exposed if they pursue to take this issue head-on ?
The issue that has been raging in India for years has been corruption. You might argue that the noises against corruption has risen recently – maybe true, but we all know that one of the big menace that India as a nation face is the rising trend of corruption. You and I face that probably every day in our lives – whether you apply for a new phone connection, whether you try to upgrade your electricity meter capacity, whether you want to pay your road-tax, whether you want to change your property ownership – everywhere it is that you give money, then only things will move; otherwise you spend a month in that office, you will see that nothing is moving at all.
Nothing new – isn’t it ? And if you then step back for a moment, you will realise that there is one common factor amongst all the above incidents of corruption – 99% of those incidents arise when you start dealing with government offices or public sector organisations. The opening of our economy in the 1990’s have forced certain behavioral changes in some sectors, specially in the banks, but the overall work culture, productivity is still pathetic. But with some money greasing, things are much better.
Why is it that we all knew about this for long and yet have been a silent spectator ? Well, my personal opinion is that Indians have now been accustomed to this culture and have been sponsoring a “chalta hain” attitude. How many times you and I have been a victim of corruption or have seen such incidents, then cribbed about it before side-stepping away ? I am sure the answer will be quite obvious, isn’t it ?
But what we are witnessing in recent times surrounding the Lokpal bill is unique and to some extent revolutionary ! In my lifetime, I haven’t seen any movement that has forced spontaneous participation from ordinary citizens – the poor and rich, the illiterate and the educated, the introvert and the extrovert – everybody is feeling that we need to do something and Anna Hazare has provided us the vehicle to act. The marches that we are seeing, the rallies that we are watching, the passion we are witnessing – all of this is without any compulsion, without the intervention of any political parties !
The corrupt politicians over the last 64 years have failed to provide a system which in general is not corrupt. Instead, they have been instrumental in triggering the most corrupt financial scams that the country has witnessed. And yet, they have the audacity to challenge the voices of the people of the country, the same people who have made them MP’s and MLA’s. Very often, it is said that politicians are shameless; well, I would say they are shamefully shameless. Of course, there are exceptions within the politician community, but in general, they are probably the most corrupt people and hence, they are the most vocal community to speak against the Jan Lokpal.
The below picture might not be 100% accurate, but definitely have accuracy to the extent of 80%-90% and even if we take a 50% accuracy, the amount that went as bribes and corruption to our politicians and their cronies will be staggering !!
For the last 24 hours, I was doing some research to find out the differences between the Jan Lokpal created by the voices of the common man and that of the Government, which lacks transparency and probably does not take into account the feedback from the citizens. I am sharing some of the interesting articles and documents for you to go through and make your opinion on which is the best to have as a citizen of any country !
Forget whether you support or belong to a political party. I would believe that the choice between the two bills is quite obvious. But, whatever might be your opinion, the time has come in the history of an independent India … the time to see whether the citizens can “force” a law to be passed or whether be ‘happy’ with a law forced by the politicians.
If Egypt can bring a transformation, why can’t we do that ? Let’s give a BIG push and try !